Model problem based learning meningkatkan kemampuan reading comprehension siswa: meta-analisis

Authors

  • Putu Sudarmika SMA Negeri 5 Denpasar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5681622

Keywords:

Problem Bsed Learning, Reading Comprehension

Abstract

Proses pembelajaran merupakan interaksi langsung yang terjadi antara guru dan para siswa untuk mencapai tujuan dari pembelajaran. Pencapaian hasil belajar Bahasa Inggris yang masih rendah pada setiap tingkatan dan jenjang Pendidikan, dapat dijadikan sebagai salah satu indikasi masih rendahnya kemampuan membaca dalam Bahasa Inggris pada siswa. Dimana masih terjadi kesenjangan kemampuan siswa dalam hal membaca teks dalam Bahasa Inggris masih dibawah batasan minimal KKM Bahasa Inggris. Untuk mengetahui pengaruh model pembelajaran problem-based learning meningkatkan kemampuan reading comprehension siswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode meta-analisis, dengan menggunakan artikel dengan desain pre-test and post-test control group design. Penelitian ini dilakukan dari bulan juli sampai dengan bulan oktober 2021 di Denpasar dengan kriteria inklusi dan eklusi terpilih 6 buah artikel sesuai kriteria. Data dianalisis dengan software JASP V-0.11, untuk mencari besar nilai effect size artikel penelitian. Hasil uji heterogenitas nilai Q = 4.667 dan nilai p = 0,456. Sehingga nilai p> 0,05 = 0.458 > 0.05. Model penggabungan effect size digunakan model fixed effect. hasil uji Egger,s Test, nilai p = 0,778 > 0.05 berarti Funnel Plot Simetris. Dan tidak terjadi bias publikasi. Kesimpulan problem based learning model pada hasil pembelajaran reading comprehension, dimana nilai effect size gabungan atau summary effect menghasilkan effect size sebesar katagori sedang.

The learning process is a direct interaction between teachers and students, to achieve the objectives of learning. The achievement of English learning outcomes is still low at education levels. It indicates that English reading ability of the students are still low. There is still a gap of students' abilities in English reading comprehension below the minimum KKM English limit. To determine the effect of the problem-based learning model in improving students' reading comprehension skills, this study uses a meta-analysis method, using articles with a pre-test and post-test control group design. This research was conducted from July to October 2021 in Denpasar with inclusion and exclusion criteria selected 6 articles according to the criteria. The research data were analyzed using JASP V-0.11 software to calculate the effect size value of the articles that became the research sample. The results of the heterogeneity test of the value of Q = 4.667 and the value of p = 0.458. So, the value of p> 0.05 = 0.458 > 0.05. The combined effect size model uses a fixed effect model. the results of the Egger's Test, the value of p = 0.778 > 0.05 means that the Funnel Plot is Symmetrical. And there is no publication bias. The conclusion of the problem-based learning model on reading comprehension learning outcomes is the combined effect size value or summary effect produces an effect size of the medium category.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Atminingsih, D., Wijayanti, A., & Ardiyanto, A. (2019). Keefektifan Model Pembelajaran PBL Media Audio Visual Terhadap Hasil Belajar IPA Kelas IIISDN Baturangung. 7(2). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjpgsd.v7i2.17560

Badriyah, L., & Kiptiyah, M. (2021). The Influence of Problem-Based Learning on the Students ’ Writing Skill in Hortatory Exposition Text at Eleventh Grade of SMA Saidiyah Arosbaya. 6(2), 112–127.

Berenji, S., Saeidi, M., & Ghafoori, N. (2020). Problem-based Learning and its Impact on EFL Learners’ Engagement and Reading Comprehension. Journal of Language Horizons, 4(1), 149–174. https://doi.org/10.22051/lghor.2020.29172.1218

Febriana, R., Yusri, R., & Delyana, H. (2020). Modul geometri Ruang Berbasis Problem Based Learning Terhadap Kreativitas Pemecahan Masalah. Aksioma. Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika, 9(1).

Febriyanto, B., & Yanto, A. (2019). Efektivitas Penggunaan Model Pembelajaran Problem Based Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Membaca Pemahaman. DWIJA CENDEKIA: Jurnal Riset Pedagogik, 3(1), 11. https://doi.org/10.20961/jdc.v3i1.28982

Goss Samspson, M. . (2019). STATISTIKANALISIS IN JASP: A GUIDE FOR STUDENTS (2nd ed.). university of Greenwich. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.9980744

Hamzah, B., & Hadiana, O. (2018). Pengaruh Penggunaan Model Problem based Learning Terhadap Keterampilan Passing dalam Permainan Futsal. Juara:Jurnal Olahraga, 3(1), 1–7.

Harapit, S. (2018). Peranan Problem Based Learning (PBL)Terhadap Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Dan Motivasi Belajar Peserta Didik. Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai, 2(4).

Hasibuan, I. H. (2010). Pengaruh Problem-based learning dan Project-based Learning terhadap pemahaman membaca pada Teks Naratif di SMA Negeri 11 Medan. universitas Negeri Medan.

Intan. (2020). The Effect Of Problem Based Learning Toward Students ’ Vocabulary Size And Students ’ Reading Comprehension Thesis By Intan Permata Sari State Islamic Institute Of Palangka Raya Faculty Of Teacher Training And Education Department Of Language Education St.

Lin, L.-F. (2017). Impacts of the Problem-based Learning Pedagogy on English Learners’ Reading Comprehension, Strategy Use, and Active Learning Attitudes. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 5(6), 109. https://doi.org/10.11114/jets.v5i6.2320

Lubis, S. (2014). efektivvitas Problem based learning untuk meningkatkan kemampuan reading comprehension. Universitas Pemdidikan Indonesia.

Marpung, E. (2020). THE EFFECT OF PROBLEM BASED LEARNING (PBL) AND DIRECT INSTRUCTION METHOD (DIM) ON THE STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN READING COMPREHENSION AT SMA NEGERI 1 DOLOK PARDAMEAN. Keguruan Dan Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(1), 9–15.

Nindrea, R. D. (2016). Pengantar Langkah-Langkah Praktis Studi Meta Analisis (Hardisman (Ed.); Pertama). Gosyen Publishing.

Parwata, Y. (2021). PENGARUH METODE PROBLEM BASED LEARNING TERHADAP PENINGKATAN HASIL BELAJAR PENDIDIKAN JASMANI OLAHRAGA DAN KESEHATAN : META-ANALISIS. 2, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4781835

Pratiwi, Wahjoedi, & Satyawan. (2017). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah Terhadap Hasil Belajar Teknik Dasar Passing Bola Voli Pada Siswa Kelas VIII SMP Negeri 1 Singaraja. E-Journal PJKR Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, 8(2).

Retnawati, H., Apiono, E., Kartianom, Djidu, H., & Anazifa, R. D. (2018). Halaman_Judul_2.pdf.

Sidik, H., & Masek, A. (2021). ASEAN Journal of Science and The Effects of Problem-based Learning in Students Reading Comprehension for Mastering the Content and Vocabulary Acquisition. 1(2), 87–92.

Utami, S., & Astawan. (2020). Meta-Analisis Pengaruh Model Problem Based Learning Terhadap Hasil Belajar IPA Siswa Sekolah Dasar. JP2, 3(3), 416–427.

Widana, I. W. (2021). Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematis Siswa di Indonesia. Jurnal Elemen, 7(2), 450–462. https://doi.org/10.29408/jel.v7i2.3744

Published

2021-11-18

How to Cite

Putu Sudarmika. (2021). Model problem based learning meningkatkan kemampuan reading comprehension siswa: meta-analisis. Indonesian Journal of Educational Development, 2(3), 512-523. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5681622