Indonesian Journal of Educational Development (IJED) 2024-06-19T11:52:11+00:00 Prof. Dr. I Wayan Widana, S.Pd., M.Pd. Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Journal title:</strong> Indonesian Journal of Educational Development (IJED)<br /><strong>Initials:</strong> ijed<br /><strong>Abbreviation:</strong> ijed<br /><strong>Frequency:</strong> 4 issues per year (February, May, August and November)<br /><strong>International Indexing:</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOAJ</a> | <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Dimensions</a> | <a href=";from_ui=yes" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Crossref</a> | <a href=";authuser=2&amp;user=cwol9n0AAAAJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a><br /><strong>DOI:</strong> <a href=";q=10.59672%2Fijed" target="_blank" rel="noopener">10.59672/ijed</a><br /><strong>ISSN:</strong> <a href="">2722-1059 (online)</a> | <a href="">2722-3671 (print)</a><br /><strong>Editor in Chief:</strong> Prof. Dr. I Wayan Widana, S.Pd., M.Pd<br /><strong>Publisher:</strong> Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas PGRI Mahadewa Indonesia in collaboration with PB PGRI (<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MoU No: 400/UPMI/III/2021 &amp; 268/Um/PB/XXII/2021</a>)</p> <p>Indonesian Journal of Educational Development (IJED) has been accredited (SINTA 4) by the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture decision Number 255/E/KPT/2022 which is valid for five years since enacted on 7 December 2022. Contains English writing originating from research results on the development of learning, measurement and evaluation of education, and education management.</p> The Impact of Using Technology in English Language Learning 2024-06-19T11:52:11+00:00 An Najwa Adila Ikhsan <p>English is known as international language since the 18th century, so that currently all countries prioritize English in the learning curriculum at school. Indonesia as a country that not using English as main language finds the importance to learn and understand english in order to follow the world’s development and put the new generation into new competition some country requires. There are several learning technique can be used in learning english to attract student’s interest and that is a challenge for English teacher in schools. The presence of technology makes the learning system in schools easier so that this can be both a challenge and an advantage for teachers. This research was conducted using descriptive qualitative analysis which explore or photograph social situations that will be researched thoroughly, broadly in depth. The aim for this research is to know what kind of impact will occur in learning English language by using technology.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords : English Language, Technology, Learning&nbsp;</p> Copyright (c) EMPOWERING EDUCATION: INTEGRATING CRITICAL PEDAGOGY INTO TRANSFORMATIVE TEACHING STRATEGIES 2024-06-17T10:30:14+00:00 Ida Ayu Nyoman Maye Denia Ari <p>The objective of this study is to explore the implications and effectiveness of critical pedagogy in fostering social justice and empowering students in educational settings. The gap in understanding on how critical pedagogy can advance social justice and empower students in learning. 21st-century skills and teaching strategies are connected to critical pedagogy approaches that promote skills such as critical thinking and collaboration. Teaching strategies integrated with critical pedagogy encourage student-centered learning and active participation, preparing students to critically and independently address the demands of the modern era in advocating for social justice. This research adopts a qualitative approach, employing literature review to examine the implementation and outcomes of critical pedagogy in various educational contexts The study findings reveal that critical pedagogy serves as a powerful tool for challenging societal norms, empowering marginalized individuals, and promoting social justice within educational settings. Through student-centered learning, collaborative problem-solving, and the development of 21st-century skills, critical pedagogy equips students with the tools and mindset necessary to critically evaluate their surroundings and take action to address oppressive conditions in society. Furthermore, the research highlights the pivotal role of teachers in facilitating critical inquiry, fostering dialogue, and promoting social justice within the classroom. By engaging in self-reflection and transformative practice, educators can create inclusive learning environments that empower students to become active agents in their education and advocates for positive change in society. he contribution of the results of this research to the development of the scientific field lies in providing insights into the practical application of critical pedagogy in classrooms, highlighting its capacity to equip students with critical thinking skills and a sense of agency to address oppressive conditions, thereby advancing the discourse on transformative education practices and social justice within educational contexts.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Copyright (c) DIGITAL TOOLS FOR CONSERVATION EDUCATION: IMPLEMENTING QR CODE MODULES FOR PROTECTED SPECIES 2024-06-16T10:07:02+00:00 Aydil Muszahira Prima Wahyu Titisari Suryanti Tika Permatasari Indry Chahyana <p>This Research and Development (R&amp;D) project addresses the crucial role of teachers and students in fostering environmental awareness and conservation efforts. We aimed to develop a biology module specifically tailored for Asian Tapir conservation in Riau Province, Indonesia. The study involved 30 students divided into groups and key informants from the Riau Province Natural Resources Conservation Agency (BBKSDA) and World Wide Fund (WWF). Data collection employed interviews, pre-tests, and post-tests. The developed module underwent rigorous validation by subject matter/content experts (100% score), learning experts (93.49%), media experts (94.44%), and teachers (95.48%). Subsequent student trials resulted highly positive result, with an average score of 95.10% within the ”very good” category. The findings demonstrate the effectiveness of QR code-integrated biology module in enhancing student learning outcomes related to Asian Tapir conservation. The module holds significant potential for promoting environmental education and contributing to conservation efforts in the region.</p> Copyright (c) AN EVALUATION OF MERDEKA STUDENT EXCHANGE PROGRAM FOR EFL INBOUND STUDENTS 2024-06-15T07:43:55+00:00 Tri Wintolo Apoko Elisabeth Arit Salwa Naura <p>This study aims to evaluate the <em>Merdeka</em> Student Exchange Program for EFL inbound students at Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. Hamka (UHAMKA). Using a qualitative phenomenological approach, this study explores the subjective experiences of exchange students while participating in the program. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with six inbound students from different universities in Indonesia. The findings revealed two main themes: challenges and benefits. Challenges included adjusting to a new environment, cultural differences, and communication styles. Students also reported several benefits, such as meeting new people from different backgrounds, exploring new places, and experiencing a different classroom environment with different teaching methods and facilities. Significantly, students experienced personal growth through an increased understanding of global diversity, intercultural skills, and the development of qualities such as critical thinking, adaptability, and openness to difference. These findings are consistent with the literature highlighting the personal development of student exchange programs. The <em>Merdeka</em> Student Exchange Program at UHAMKA was proven to be a valuable initiative in promoting academic mobility, enhancing students' skills and knowledge, and fostering personal development. This research confirms the importance of exchange program in preparing students to become qualified global citizens capable of navigating the complexities of an interconnected world.</p> Copyright (c) THE USE OF INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA ARTICULATE STORYLINE ON STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES IN HIGH SCHOOL HISTORY SUBJECTS 2024-06-12T16:53:09+00:00 Alfath Rizq Denadi Toto Fathoni Mario Emilzoli <p>This study aims to examine the influence of interactive multimedia on student learning outcomes in history subjects at SMAN 22 Bandung using Articulate Storyline 3 called HISTONESIA. This research is motivated by the fact that students' attention to learning is high if learning uses gadgets such as the use of quizziz and kahoot applications. The research method used is a quasi-experiment with Non-equivalent Control Group Design. Data collection is carried out through test instruments that include pretest and posttest. The findings of the study explained that the Histonesia application provided a good stimulus for students, especially in the aspect of analyzing (C4), the improvement of learning outcomes was seen from the increase in pre-test results to post-test with the treatment of using interactive multimedia Articulate Storyline 3 with a greater gain of the experimental class than the control class. These results indicate that there is a high influence in the form of a significant increase in student learning outcomes in the experimental classroom using interactive multimedia Articulate Storyline 3.</p> Copyright (c) Studi Literatur Tentang Strategi Sekolah dalam Mengimplementasikan Kurikulum Merdeka 2024-06-06T09:16:47+00:00 Divani Syamsi Putri Imanti Risma Ariyani Abi Sopyan Febrianto <p><em>The development of education in Indonesia with a focus on the Merdeka Curriculum is a response to the demands of an increasingly modern and globalized era. The purpose of preparing this article is to provide a comprehensive overview of the current dynamics of Indonesian education and the efforts that can be made to improve the quality of learning. This article also highlights the challenges, implementation strategies, and the active role of educators in adapting the Merdeka Curriculum. The research method used is a literature study to collect data and information related to the theme of the independent curriculum. The results of the study show the policy transition in the Merdeka Curriculum, the programs implemented, and the general challenges and implementation strategies needed in dealing with this curriculum change. The findings of this article can serve as a guide for relevant parties in understanding, implementing, and improving the education process in implementing the Merdeka Curriculum in Indonesia.</em></p> Copyright (c) AN AN EXPLORATION OF INFLUENTIAL FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO ACADEMIC SUCCESS IN A SCHOOL’S PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT 2024-06-05T09:19:40+00:00 Siphokazi Kwatubana Siphokazi Kwatubana Melody Mtimkulu <p>While numerous factors influence learner academic performance in South African schools, there is limited understanding of the role played by the school’s physical environment in optimising academic achievement. This study aims to explore factors that positively contribute to academic success in the school's physical environment. Employing a qualitative approach and a single case study design, the research involved ten teachers and six school management team members from a selected school. Data gathering utilized photovoice and focus group discussions. The two-step data analyses support our expectation that cleanliness and a green school environment have a positive impact on the school community’s appreciation of the schoolyard, the attentional restoration of learners, and health and wellbeing. Furthermore, our results indicate that clean and green surroundings can improve the school’s reputation. These findings provide some support for the relevance of clean, green school environments and may guide further development of schoolyards that facilitate the well-being of high school learners.</p> Copyright (c) A Comprehensive Analysis Enhancing Cross-Cultural Communication Proficiency: A Comprehensive Analysis 2024-06-04T09:58:06+00:00 Krisna Murti <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>In today's globalized world, effective cross-cultural communication is essential for successful interactions among individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds. This article provides a comprehensive analysis of the significance, challenges, and strategies for enhancing cross-cultural communication proficiency. It highlights the importance of understanding cultural differences for global business partnerships, diversity and inclusion, conflict resolution, personal growth, and responsible global citizenship. Challenges such as language barriers, non-verbal communication, cultural norms, perceptions, and context are discussed, along with practical strategies including cultural awareness, active listening, learning basic phrases, adapting communication styles, avoiding assumptions, and understanding non-verbal cues. The article synthesizes existing research to offer insights into the importance of cross-cultural communication skills and provides a rigorous and systematic approach for navigating the complexities of cross-cultural interactions in today's interconnected world.</p> Copyright (c) Development Sheet Work Student Material Tradition Megibung Project Based Learning in Education Vocational Art Culinary Study Program 2024-05-31T00:04:10+00:00 ni wayan sukerti wayan <p>The aims this research, to describe students' responses to the LKM developed about the megibung tradition for Balinese culinary lectures. Type of Research This type of research is development research which is intended to develop Student Worksheets for Balinese culinary lectures. The subjects of this research were third semester students of PVSK FTK Undiksha. The selection of this subject was based on the urgency to provide Balinese culinary equipment as well as researchers as caregivers for the subject in question, as well as research respondents. Research Instrument This research instrument is an assessment format consisting of aspects (1) material/concept, (2) construction aspects, and (3) technical aspects. The material/concept aspect consists of sub-aspects of material truth/accuracy, material coverage, and material uniformity with competency standards and basic competencies. (4) clarity of instructions and steps for each activity in the LKM. The technical aspect consists of the sub-aspects of suitability of type and size of letters, correctness and correctness of the size of placement of pictures, tables, diagrams or illustrations, and attractiveness of appearance or presentation. The research results show that (1) there are two stages in developing LKM, namely the preparation stage and the development stage. There is (2) Feasibility Analysis of LKM that the use of LKM with a project based learning approach. LKM is suitable for use in learning. The use of LKM with a project based learning approach can improve student creativity focus in the Balinese Culinary course on the ability to serve food with Megibung. (3) After improvements from expert validation, students' responses as users of this LKM were measured. In general, the results of the student response questionnaire were summarized and it was found that 75% of students rated the LKM as good, 10% gave adequate responses, and 10% responded very well.</p> Copyright (c) THE IMPACT OF PROJECT-BASED LEARNING ON STUDENTS' SCIENTIFIC LITERACY AND AUTONOMY 2024-05-22T14:40:11+00:00 Ni Nyoman Rediani <p>Scientific literacy and autonomy are crucial for students to cope with 21st-century learning demands, where educators need to innovate the learning process. This serves as the rationale for analyzing the impact of Project-Based Learning (PjBL) on scientific literacy and autonomy among fourth-grade elementary school students. The research design employed a quasi-experimental design with a sample size of 58 participants. Data collection utilized both test and questionnaire methods. The test instrument consisted of 20 essay questions to assess scientific literacy, while the questionnaire comprised 30 statements to measure autonomy. Data analysis methods included quantitative descriptive analysis and inferential statistical analysis, employing MANOVA with a result of 0.00 &lt; 0.05. Based on the analysis, Project-Based Learning (PjBL) significantly influences both scientific literacy and autonomy of the students, both simultaneously and partially. This is evidenced by the difference in mean values, where the mean values ​​of scientific literacy and student autonomy taught through PjBL were higher. The research findings also indicate that scientific literacy was more significantly influenced compared to student autonomy. Therefore, it can be recommended as an innovative learning approach to enhance both scientific literacy and student autonomy.</p> 2024-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ni Nyoman Rediani ANALYSIS OF COLLABORATIVE SKILLS OF BIOLOGY EDUCATION STUDENTS SULTAN AGENG TIRTAYASA UNIVERSITY 2024-05-22T14:37:33+00:00 Iing Dwi Lestari Dian Rachmawati <p>Collaboration skills are essential for students to work effectively in teams, negotiate successfully, and make decisions collectively. This research analyzes the collaboration skills of Biology Education students at Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University. The research methodology employed is quantitative descriptive analysis, which provides a comprehensive and detailed understanding of the students' collaboration skills. The research findings indicate that the average score for student collaboration skills was 84% in the outstanding category, 14% in the excellent category, and 1% in the sufficient category. The students scored 85 for indicators of positive interdependence, 84 for face-to-face interaction, 96 for individual personal accountability and responsibility, 89 for communication skills, and 91 for group working skills.</p> 2024-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Iing Dwi Lestari, Dian Rachmawati DEVELOPMENT OF FLASHCARD MEDIA BASED ON AUGMENTED REALITY TO IMPROVE THE SPEAKING ABILITY OF AUTISTIC STUDENTS AT SLB AUTIS LABORATIUM UM 2024-05-16T12:21:06+00:00 ANNISA ANNISA ZAHRA SALSABILA <p>Autistic students experience developmental disorders that affect various aspects, namely thinking ability, socialization, communication, and behavior in accepting abstract things. Based on preliminary studies at SLB Autis Laboratorium UM, they experience limited new vocabulary that affects their speaking ability so that echolalia characteristics often appear in the learning process. In addition, the learning media used are still limited and less innovative in teaching abstract things to students. The purpose of this research is to develop learning media in the form of augmented reality-based flashcards that are effective and valid and can improve speaking skills, especially in pronouncing vocabulary and questioning activities or having simple conversations, especially for autistic students where 3D animated animal models will appear followed by audio explanations when used. This study uses a research and development method developed by ADDIE with 5 stages of development, namely (1) Analysis; (2) Design; (3) Development; (4) Implementation; (5) Evaluation. The subjects in this research and development are media experts, material experts, practitioners, and 3 autistic students from class III. The data collection techniques used were observation, interviews, questionnaires, and documentation. The results of this study indicate that Augmented Reality-Based Flashcard media are feasible and effective in using Indonesian language learning at the UM Laboratory Autistic SLB. This is evidenced by the media validation test score of 98% and 100%, the material validation test score of 100% and 100%, and the assessment of the results of the practitioner validation test of 82% and 98%. The overall assessment of the validation test that has been carried out is 96% (Very Valid). In addition, the overall assessment of the small group trial that has been carried out is obtained at 87.5% (Highly Effective).</p> Copyright (c) DEVELOPMENT OF INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA BASED ON LOCAL WISDOM OF JAMBI ORIENTED BY STUDENTS' CREATIVE THINKING ABILITY IN HIGH SCHOOL PHYSICS SUBJECTS 2024-05-24T01:11:46+00:00 Yulianto Anto Zurweni Zurweni Hary Soedarto Harjono <p>This research is development research in the form of interactive multimedia based on Jambi local wisdom. This research aims to develop interactive multimedia based on Jambi local wisdom which is oriented towards students' creative thinking abilities in learning physics in high school, using the Lee and Owen Method. This method integrates the principles of instructional design, action research, and innovative approaches to produce a multimedia product that is effective in improving student understanding and skills. The initial stage of research involves analyzing student needs and identifying creative thinking abilities relevant to physics material. Then, action research was carried out to understand the dynamics of physics learning in high school and design appropriate multimedia. The multimedia development process was carried out iteratively, involving media and material expert validators, feedback from teachers and field tests on grade 10 high school students. Multimedia implementation is carried out in the context of classroom physics learning, where its effectiveness is evaluated through questionnaires and interviews with teachers and students. The evaluation results are used to improve and enhance multimedia so that it is more responsive to student learning needs. It is hoped that this research can contribute to the development of learning models that combine local wisdom with innovative approaches in teaching physics in high schools, as well as improving students' creative thinking abilities through the use of multimedia technology.</p> 2024-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Yulianto Anto, Zurweni Zurweni, Hary Soedarto Harjono A COMBINATION OF THE PROJECT BASED LEARNING MODEL AND VALUE CLARIFICATION TECHNIQUE IN IMPROVING STUDENTS' CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS 2024-05-15T01:55:10+00:00 Rabiatul Adawiah Dian Agus Ruchliyadi Wardiani Halidi <p>Citizenship education learning is synonymous with learning that contains boring material because the learning model applied is monotonous and teacher-centred. This research aimed to analyse the effectiveness of the combination of the Project Based Learning (PjBL) and Value Clarification Technique (VCT) models in improving students' critical thinking skills. This study used a quantitative approach. The research population was junior high school students at SMP Negeri 21 Banjarmasin City. The research sample was 120 students from four groups selected random sampling technique, namely classes, that based on the homogeneity test, had relatively the same abilities. This research used a Quasi Experimental method with a Non-equivalent Control Group Research design. Data were analysed using the N-Gain test and Paired Sample Test (t-test) with the help of the SPSS 21.0 for Windows program. Based on the results of the analysis, it was known that (1) There were differences in students' critical thinking skills between the application of the Project Based Learning model and the application of the expository learning model; (2) There were differences in students' critical thinking skills between the application of the Value Clarification Technique model and the application of expository learning; (3) There were differences in students' critical thinking skills between the application of a combination of Project Based Learning and Value Clarification Technique and the application of expository learning. The highest N-Gain value for students' critical thinking skills was when applying a combination of Project Based Learning and Value Clarification Technique. Based on this, the combination of PjBL and VTC could be used as an innovative citizenship learning model solution to improve students' critical thinking abilities according to the demands of 21st century skills.</p> 2024-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Rabiatul Adawiah, Dian Agus Ruchliyadi, Wardiani Halidi A DEVELOPMENT OF INTERACTIVE E-MODULES FOR HIGH SCHOOL PHYSICS LEARNING BASED ON PROBLEM BASED LEARNING (PBL) 2024-05-05T14:23:29+00:00 Imam Arifin Zurweni Zurweni Ahmad Habibi <p>Interactive multimedia is one factor that can increase student interest and learning outcomes. One of the interactive multimedia is interactive e-modules. The aim of this research is to describe the planning, design and development of learning e-modules, assess the theoretical, conceptual and practical feasibility of interactive e-modules, describe peer responses and describe the attractiveness of interactive e-modules based on Problem Based Learning (PBL). The research method used is Research and Development. The research subjects were students at Ash-Shiddiiqi Jambi IT High School. The development model used as a reference is the Lee and Owen development model, with stages Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation (ADDIE). The research results showed that the material expert validation results were 97.33% with a very feasible category. And the validation results from media experts were 90.77% in the very feasible category. And the teacher response was obtained with a score of 90.91% in the very appropriate category. Then the one-to-one trial obtained a score of 77.22% in the good category. Next, a small group trial was carried out with a score of 84.73% and a field trial of 89.26%. So interactive e-modules for PBL-based physics learning are suitable for use by SMA IT Ash-Shiddiiqi Jambi students.</p> 2024-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Imam Arifin, Zurweni Zurweni, Ahmad Habibi JEJAHITAN: ETHNOPEDAGOGICAL STUDY IN BALINESE CULTURE 2024-05-08T11:49:31+00:00 I Gusti Agung Ngurah Trisna Jayantika I Wayan Suastra Ida Bagus Putu Arnyana <p>Mejejahitan is an activity to obtain the shapes of pieces of leaf material. The product of this activity is called jejahitan. This research is a qualitative descriptive study. The aim of this research is to determine the mathematical concepts that exist in Balinese jejahitan and the potential for their use in the mathematics learning process. The subjects of this research were three mothers from Dalung village. The data in this research was analyzed through three stages, namely data reduction, data presentation and data conclusion. Studies on Mathematics learning contained in jejahitan include squares, rectangles, trapezoids and circles. The geometric elements contained in this jejahitan can be used as a learning resource, especially those related to the elements, properties and fold symmetry of squares, rectangles, trapezoids and circles.</p> 2024-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 I Gusti Agung Ngurah Trisna Jayantika, I Wayan Suastra, Ida Bagus Putu Arnyana - ANALISIS INSTRUMEN PENILAIAN PADA MATA PELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN PANCASILA DI SMP NEGERI 7 BANJARMASIN 2024-04-19T03:31:57+00:00 Nurul Huda <p>Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui kualitas butir soal pada mata pelajaran Pendidikan Pancasila dilihat dari aspek daya beda soal, tingkat kesukaran dan efektivitas pengecoh.&nbsp; Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif. Data diperoleh dengan&nbsp; teknik wawancara dan dokumentasi. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa SMP Negeri 7 Banjarmasin, dan sampel diambil sebanyak 200 orang. Objek penelitian ini adalah seluruh soal Penilaian Akhir Semester mata pelajaran pendidikan Pancasila kelas VII yang berjumlah 50 soal. Data yang diperoleh kemudian dianalisis dengan menggunakan program AnBuso versi 8.0. Dari hasil analisis diketahui bahwa untuk&nbsp; daya beda soal; 21 butir (42%) baik, 11 butir (22%) cukup baik, dan 18 butir (36%) tidak baik. Tingkat kesukaran soal; 14 butir (28%) mudah, 26 butir (52%) sedang dan 10 butir (20%) sulit. Efektivitas Pengecoh; 18 butir (36%) sangat baik, 12 butir (24%) baik, 18 butir (36%) buruk dan 2 butir (4%) sangat buruk. Dapat disimpulkan&nbsp; bahwa dari 50 butir soal mata Pelajaran Pendidikan Pancasila pada Penilaian Akhir Semester ganjil tahun pelajaran 2023/2024, 18 butir soal berkualitas baik (36%), 12 butir soal (24%) cukup baik, 18 butir soal (36%) berkualitas tidak baik dan 2 butir soal (4%) revisi.</p> Copyright (c) LECTURERS' PERCEPTIONS OF SPIRITUAL LEADERSHIP: A QUANTITATIVE DESCRIPTIVE STUDY IN HIGHER EDUCATION 2024-05-08T11:57:48+00:00 Putu Gede Subhaktiyasa <p>Spiritual leadership has been recognized as holistic leadership that prioritizes spiritual aspects in managing the complex and dynamic academic environment. However, its implementation remains challenging. This study aimed to comprehensively understand lecturers' perceptions of spiritual leadership in higher education institutions. The research method used was a descriptive quantitative design. Respondents consisted of 336 lecturers from various private higher education institutions in Bali determined through a proportional random sampling technique and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The findings demonstrate lecturers' perceptions of spiritual leadership in the very high category. The vision indicator received the most important focus of attention in motivating and directing lecturers' actions in achieving institutional objectives, while the aspects of altruistic love, hope/faith, meaning/calling, and membership indicate opportunities for deeper emphasis to develop leaders who are responsible, competent, and have integrity. The findings contribute to the importance of implementing spiritual leadership in developing a harmonious academic community and creating the spiritual well-being of lecturers to achieve the main performance of higher education institutions.</p> 2024-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Putu Gede Subhaktiyasa THE INFLUENCE OF PRICE ON THE DECISION TO PURCHASE PERCARD WHICH IS MEDIATED BY CONSUMER BEHAVIOR 2024-05-09T21:20:56+00:00 Putu Diah Asrida I Gede Agus Adi Saputra Mochammad Chamim Nasuhi <p>This research aims to determine the effect of price on the decision to purchase starter cards, by considering the moderation of consumer behavior. Although many studies have highlighted the relationship between price and consumer purchasing decisions, this study explores whether consumer behavioral factors moderate this relationship in the context of the telecommunications industry. The survey method is used to collect data from respondents who are potential starter card users. The data analysis technique used is the t test with the Moderated Regression Analysis interaction test. This test meets the requirements of instrument testing, classical assumption testing, and model suitability testing. Based on the test results, it is known that price has a significant effect on purchasing decisions with a regression coefficient of 0.879 with a significance of 0.004 &lt; 0.05 and consumer behavior has a significant effect on purchasing decisions with a regression coefficient of 0.684 with a significance of 0.013 &lt; 0.05. Meanwhile, price which is moderated by consumer behavior has no significant effect on purchasing decisions with a regression coefficient value of -0.023 and a significance of 0.112 &gt; 0.05. Thus, consumer behavior variables have not been able to moderate the influence of price on purchasing decisions.</p> 2024-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Putu Diah Asrida, I Gede Agus Adi Saputra, Mochammad Chamim Nasuhi FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT IN SOUTH AFRICAN PUBLIC SCHOOLS: PERSPECTIVES FROM PRINCIPALS 2024-04-08T23:03:08+00:00 Gawie Schlebusch Matsolo Mokhampanyane <p>Compliance to the law and policies that govern public schools in South Africa is fundamental in ensuring effective and efficient use of school funds. Compliance can mitigate the role confusion between the respective duties of the school principal as the manager of the school and the School Governing Body (SGB). This aim of the study was to identify the gap on compliance from the principals’ point of view. The qualitative design with phenomenological approach was used, and data was collected by means of semi-structured interviews with purposefully sampled principals. The literature and findings reveal that many SGB chairpersons are still profoundly reliant on principals regarding financial decisions and management at schools. This indicates the perpetuation of role confusion where school principals regard themselves as accountable for school funds. Even though financial management challenges in public schools have been researched before, the study found that such challenges still occur and hamper effective financial management by both the principals and SGBs.</p> 2024-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Gawie Schlebusch, Matsolo Mokhampanyane