Penggunaan Larutan Bio CAS untuk Meningkatkan Kandungan Protein dan Menurunkan Kandungan Serat Kasar Jerami Padi melalui proses fermentasi

The Use of Bio CAS Solvent to Increase The Protein Content and Decrease The Crude Fiber Content of Rice Straw through Fermentation Process



bio CAS solvent, increase of protein, decrease of rice straw fiber


This research aims to find out the effects of using Bio CAS solvent on the protein content and the reduction of crude fiber content through fermentation process. The collected data were the protein content and the crude fiber, also physical observation of the rice straw assessed by 20 respondents on the colors, textures and smell. The data were treated using the analysis of variance (ANAVA) by performing the F test at the significance level of 5% and 1%. The Duncant test would be performed if there happen to be any significant differences between the treatments. The most optimal result of the fermented protein content was in P3 treatment at the concentration of 2% with the value of  6,0571%. The lowest crude fiber content occured in the treatment with a concentration of 2% (P3) with a value of 24,2873% and the P3 treatment also had a weak texture, the color of the rice straw was brownish yellow and smelled of acid like the smell of tape.


Download data is not yet available.


AOAC. (1991). Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Arlington, Virginia,U.S.A.
Amin, M.; Hasan, S.D.; Yanuarianto, O.; Iqbal, M. dan Karda, I.W. (2016). Peningkatan Kualitas Jerami Padi Menggunakan Teknologi Amoniasi Fermentasi (Improving the Quality of Rice Straw by Ammoniation Fermentation Technology). Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia. Vol 2 (1): 96-103; Juni 2016. ISSN:2460-6669.
Balasubramanian, M.K. (2013). Potential Utilization of Rice Straw for Ethanol Production by Sequential Fermentation of Cellulose and Xylose Using Saccharomyces Cerevisiae and Pachysolentannophilus. International Journal of Science, Engineering, Technology and Research 2(7): 1531-1535. ISSN: 2278-7798.
Bureenok, S.; Namihira, T.; Tamaki, M.; Mizumachi, S.; Kawamoto, Y. and Nakada T. (2005). Fermentative Quality of Guinea Grass Silage by Using Fermented Juice of The Epiphytic Lactic Acid Bacteria (FJLB) as Asilage Additive. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:807-811.
Castillo, L.S.; Roxas, D.B.; Chavez, M.A.; Momongan, V.G. and Ranjhan, S.K. (1982). The Effectsof a Concentrate Supplement and of Chopping and Soaking Ricestraw on Its Voluntary Intake by Carabaos. In "The Utilization of Fibrous Agricultural Residues as Animal Feeds":74-80, editor P.T. Doyle. School of Agricultureand Forestry, University of Mel-bourne, Parkville, Victoria.
Doyle, P.T.; Devendra, C. and Pearce, G.R. (1996). Rice straw as a Feed for Ruminants. International Development Program of Australian Universities and Colleges Limited (IDP), Canberra, Australia.
Drake, D.J.; Nader, G. and Forero, L. (2002). Feeding Rice Straw to Cattle. ANR Publication 8079. University of California.
Eun, J.S.; Beauchemin, K.A.; Hong, S.H. and Bauer, M.W. (2006). Exogenous Enzymes Added to Untreated or Ammoniated Rice Straw: Effect on in vitro .
Guerra, N.P.;Bernardez, P.F.; Mendez., J.; Cachaldora, P. and CAStro, L.P. (2006). Production of Four Potentially Probiotic Lactic Acid Bacteria and Their Evaluation as Feed Additives for Weaned Piglets, Animal Feed Science and Technology, 134: 89-107.
Greenland, D.J. (1984). Upland rice. Outlook on Agriculture. 14: 21-26.
Ismail, C.H.; Shajarutulwardah, M.Y.; Arif, A.I.; Shahida, H.; Najib, M.Y. dan Helda, S. (2013). Keperluan Pembajakan Baka Padi Berhasil Tinggi. Persidangan Padi Kebangsaan 2013. Seberang Jaya. Pulau Pinang.
Jeya, M.; Zhabg, Y.W.; Kim, I.W. and Lee, J.K. (2009). Enhanced Saccharification of Alkali Treated Rice Straw by Cellulose From Trameteshirsuta and Statistical Optimization of Hydrolysis Conditions by RSM. Bioresour. Technol. 100: 5155-5161.
Lamid, M., Puspaningsih, N.N.T. and Sarwoko, M. (2013). Additionof
Lignocellulolytic Enzymes Into Rice Straw Improves In Vitro Rumen Fermentation Products. J. Appl. Environ. Biomol. Sci.3(9): 166-171. ISSN: 2090-4274.
Mathius, I.W. dan Sinurat, A.P. (2001). Pemanfaatan bahan pakan inkonvensional untuk ternak. Wartazoa 11 (2): 20-31.
Reddy, N.andYang,Y. (2006). Properties of High-Quality Long Natural Cellulose Fibers from Rice Straw. J. Agric. Food Chem.54(21): 8077–8081
Richardson, J.M. and Sinclair, L.A. (2003). Syncrony of Nutrient Supply to The Rumen And Dietery Energy Sourceand Their Effects on The Growth and Metabolism of Lamb. J. Anim. Sci. 81: 1332-1347.
Rahayu, E. (2001). Potensi Bakteri Asam Laktat di Bidang Industri Pangan. Prosiding Seminar Ilmiah Tahunan Perhimpunan Mikrobiologi Indonesia.
Suanda, I W. (2015). Penerapan Pembelajaran Bioteknologi Melalui Fermentasi Jerami Padi (Oriza sativa L.) Menggunakan Larutan Bio CAS untuk Pakan Ternak Ruminansia. Denpasar: Jurnal Pendidikan Widyadari IKIP PGRI Bali Nomor 17 Tahun XI April 2015 hal. 165-183, ISSN 1907-3232.
Sarnklong, C.; Cone, J.W.; Pellikaan, W. and Hendriks. W.H. (2010). Utilization of Rice Straw and Different Treatments to Improve Its Feed Value for Ruminants: A Review. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci.
Syamsu, J.A.; Natsir, A.; Siswadi; Abustam, E.; Hikmah; Nurlaelah; Muliwarni; Setiawan, A.H. dan Arasy, A.M. (2006). Limbah Tanaman Pangan sebagai Sumber Pakan Ruminansia: Potensi dan Daya Dukung di Sulawesi Selatan. Makassar: Yayasan Citra Emulsi dan Dinas Peternakan Propinsi Sulawesi Selatan.
Sarwar, M.; Khan, M.A. and Nisa, M. (2004). Effect of Organic Acids of Fermentable Carbohydrates on Digestibility and Nitrogen Utilization of Urea Treated Wheat Strawin Buffalo Bulls. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 55:223‐228.
Tillman, D. A.; Hartadi, H.; Reksohadiprodjo, S. dan Lebdosoekojo, S. (1998). Ilmu Makanan Ternak Dasar. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Van Soest, P. (2006). Rice Straw, the Role of Silica and Treatments to Improve Quality. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 130 (1-4):137–171.
Wanapat, M.; Kang, S.;Hankla, N. and Phesatcha, K. (2013). Effect of Rice Straw Treatment on Feed Intake, Rumen Fermentation and Milk Production in Lactating Dairy Cows. Afr. J. Agric. Res.8(17):1677-1687.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2013.6732